Antarctic Treaty was signed in Washington in 1959 in order to become the South Polar region of peace and cooperation. Its main purpose is: " in the interest of all mankind, Antarctica should continue to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord ." The agreement is based on a series of related transactions, which together with the measures adopted under the Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, commonly called the Antarctic Treaty System .
Among other agreements that are the basis for this system include:
• Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty (Madrid, 1991);
• The Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals (CCAS, London, 1972);
• The Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR, Canberra, 1980).
Despite the fact that CCAS and CCAMLR are separate agreements , they contain provisions that impose on the parties to those agreement obligations set out in the main part of the Antarctic Treaty , such as Article IV, concerning the legal status of territorial claims. Minutes of the Environment is open to accession only for Antarctic Treaty .
As part of the 32nd CMAT (Baltimore - Washington, DC, 2009) , States Parties adopted the Washington Declaration in connection with the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Antarctic Treaty . In this document, the parties confirmed their consistent and unwavering commitment to the principles and provisions of the Antarctic Treaty .
On the other hand , 23 June 2011 in Buenos Aires, in the framework of the , 34th CMAT , solemn events dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the entry into force of the Antarctic Treaty . In particular, the initiative of Argentina, delegates adopted the Declaration on International Cooperation in Antarctica aimed at strengthening the obligations arising from this Agreement .